Central line tip position and assessment

The following recent research articles were identified following the ward round on 8th December 2017 to provide some reading around central line tip position and assessment.

Galente, O et al. (2017) Single-Operator Ultrasound-Guided Central Venous Catheter Insertion Verifies Proper Tip Placement. 
Critical Care Medicine, 45 (10), e994-e1000. Full text

Saugel, B et al. (2017) Ultrasound-guided central venous catheter placement: a structured review and recommendations for clinical practice. 
Critical Care, 21 (225). Full text

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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HME vs wet circuit

The following reviews have recently been published on this topic:

Gillies, D. et al, (2017) Heat and moisture exchangers versus heated humidifiers for mechanically ventilated adults and children.
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD004711. Full Text

Vargas, M. et al (2017) Heat and moisture exchangers (HMEs) and heated humidifiers (HHs) in adult critically ill patients: a systematic review, meta-analysis and meta-regression of randomized controlled trials.
Critical Care, May 29: 123. Full Text

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Hyponatremia and the Edelman equation

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 24th November 2017 to provide some reading around the Edelman equation when treating hyponatremia.

Hanna, R.M. et al (2016) The utility and accuracy of four equations in predicting sodium levels in dysnatremic patients.
Clinical Kidney Journal, 9 (4), pp:530-9. Full Text

Adrogué, H.J. & Madias, N.E. (2012) The challenge of hyponatremia.
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology, 23 (7), pp:1140-8. Full Text

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Prokinetic use in the ICU

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on Thursday 11th May 2017 to provide a general overview of the above.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

The efficacy and safety of prokinetic agents in critically ill patients receiving enteral nutrition: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized trials.
Lewis et al Critical Care2016, 20: 259 Full text

Prokinetic drugs for gastric emptying in critically ill ventilated patients: Analysis through breath testing.
Hersch et al J Crit Care; 2015 Jun; 30 (3): 655, pp.e7-13 Abstract

Do we need new prokinetics to reduce enteral feeding intolerance during critical illness?
van Zanten, H. Critical Care; 2016, 20: 294 Full text

The use of erythromycin as a gastrointestinal prokinetic agent in adult critical care: benefits versus risks.
Hawkyard et al. J Antimicrob Chemother; 2007, 59 (3): pp.347-358 Full text

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Management of airway stridor

At the ward round on 9th November 2017 there was a discussion around the management of stridor in adults and in children in an emergency situation. A selection of reading is included below.

Khemani, RG. et al (2009) Corticosteroids for the prevention and treatment of post-extubation stridor in neonates, children and adults Cochrane Systematic Review Issue 3. Art. No: CD001000. Full text 

Marchese A & Langhan ML. (2017) Management of airway obstruction and stridor in pediatric patients. Pediatr Emerg Med Pract, 4 (11), pp:1-24. Abstract only

Maloney, E & Meakin, GH. (2007) Acute stridor in children Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain, 7(6), pp:183–186 Full text

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Diagnosing endocarditis using echocardiography

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 9th November 2017 to provide some reading around diagnosing endocarditis using echocardiography .

Dynamed (2017) Infective endocarditis Full text

Sharma, V, Candilio, L & Hausenloy, DJ. (2012) Infective endocarditis: An intensive care perspective. Trends in Anaesthesia and Critical Care 2, 36e41 Full text

Martinez, G & Valchanov, K.  (2012) Infective endocarditis Continuing Education in Anaesthesia Critical Care & Pain, 12(3), pp:134–139 Full text

American Society of Echocardiography (2016) Guidelines for the Use of Echocardiography in the Evaluation of a Cardiac Source of Embolism.
Full Text See page 16 for section on Infective Endocarditis

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Tracheostomy and cervical spinal cord injury

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 26th October 2017 to provide some reading around tracheostomies in patients with injuries to the cervical spinal cord.

Berney, S. et al (2011) The acute respiratory management of cervical spinal cord injury in the first 6 weeks after injury: a systematic review.
Spinal Cord, 49 (1), pp:17-29. Full Text

Nakashima, H. et al (2013) Characterizing the need for tracheostomy placement and decannulation after cervical spinal cord injury.
European Spine Journal, 22 (7), pp:1526-32. Full Text

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