There was a discussion at a recent morbidity meeting around the use of nicotine patches in critical care. Here’s the most recent evidence on the use of nicotine replacement therapy in critically ill patients:
Nicotine replacement therapy for agitation and delirium management in the intensive care unit: a systematic review of the literature.
Kowalski, M. et al, (2016) Journal of Intensive Care. Nov 15; 4:69 Full Text
Nicotine replacement therapy in the intensive care unit: a systematic review.
Wilby, K.J. & Harder, C.K., (2014) Journal of Intensive Care Medicine. 29 (1), pp.22-30 Abstract
There’s also a useful 10 minute podcast interview with an Intensivist from Australia that gives a basic overview of the topic: https://omny.fm/shows/essential-critical-care/andrew-udy