Non-Invasive Ventilation Postextubation

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 18th August 2017 to provide some reading around NIV following extubation.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

Ferrer et al (2009) Non-invasive ventilation after extubation in hypercapnic patients with chronic respiratory disorders: randomised controlled trial. Lancet. 2009 Sep 26;374(9695):1082-8 

Comments on this trial in:

ACP Journal Club. Noninvasive ventilation after extubation reduced respiratory failure and 90-day mortality in hypercapnic patients. Ann Intern Med. 2010 Feb 16;152(4):JC-24.

Leaving invasive ventilation behind The Lancet Volume 374, Issue 9695, 26 September–2 October 2009, Pages 1044-1045 

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) immediately after extubation reduces ventilatory failure and 90-day mortality in patients with hypercapnia Thorax 65(7) 

Noninvasive ventilation immediately after extubation improves weaning outcome after acute respiratory failure: a randomized controlled trial Crit Care. 2013; 17(2): 

Trevisan CE, Vieira SR; (2008) Noninvasive mechanical ventilation may be useful in treating patients who fail weaning from invasive mechanical ventilation: a randomized clinical trial. Crit Care 2008; 12

Non-invasive ventilation for weaning, avoiding reintubation after extubation and in the postoperative period: a meta-analysis BJA: British Journal of Anaesthesia, Volume 109, Issue 3, 1 September 2012, Pages 305–314.

High-flow nasal cannulae for respiratory support in adult intensive care patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 May 30;5: 

Burns et al (2013) Noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation as a weaning strategy for intubated adults with respiratory failure. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013 Dec 9;(12): 

Dynamed (2017) Weaning from mechanical ventilation 

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PACO2 levels in traumatic brain injury

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 17th July 2017 to provide some reading around PaCO2 levels in traumatic brain injury.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Blood pressure management after intracerebral haemorrhage

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on 17th July 2017 to provide some reading around blood pressure management after intracerebral haemorrhage.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

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Sepsis management

The following articles have been identified to provide some reading around the management of sepsis for teaching the week beginning 10th July 2017.

The Surviving Sepsis International Guidelines were published in 2017, so only recent articles and web sites have been included in this topic overview.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

There are a number of additional resources available on the guidelines section of the Surviving Sepsis Campaign website which may be of additional interest.

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Management of oesophageal perforation

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on Friday 24th June 2017 to provide some reading around management of oesophageal perforation.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

Dynamed Plus (2013) Perforated esophagus

Biancari et al (2013) Current Treatment and Outcome of Esophageal Perforations
in Adults: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 75 Studies World J Surg 37:1051–1059

Bhatia et al (2011) Current Concepts in the Management of Esophageal Perforations: A Twenty-Seven Year Canadian Experience Ann Thorac Surg 2011;92:209 –15

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Cerebral salt wasting

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on Friday 24th June 2017 to provide some reading around Cerebral Salt Wasting.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

Leonard et al. (2015) Cerebral salt wasting after traumatic brain
injury: a review of the literature Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and
Emergency Medicine (2015) 23:98

Sterns, R. H. and Silver, S. M. (2008) Cerebral Salt Wasting Versus SIADH: What
Difference? J Am Soc Nephrol 19: 194–196, 2008

Cerdà-Esteve et al (2008) Cerebral salt wasting syndrome: Review European Journal of Internal Medicine 19 (2008) 249–254

Singh et al (2002) Cerebral salt wasting: Truths, fallacies, theories, and challenges Crit Care Med 2002 Vol. 30, No. 11

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Metabolic Resuscitation in Sepsis – role of vitamin C

The following articles have been identified following the ward round on Friday 24th June 2017 to provide some reading around the role of Vitamin C in metabolic sepsis resuscitation.

If you have any problems accessing these documents please use your NHS Athens or contact library.rph@lthtr.nhs.uk

Marik et al (2017) Hydrocortisone, Vitamin C, and Thiamine for the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock: A Retrospective Before-After Study CHEST 2017; 151(6):1229-1238 http://journal.chestnet.org/article/S0012-3692(16)62564-3/pdf 

Scroll to the bottom of the article to read some really interesting discussions about the quality of the existing evidence and whether the recommended approach should be adopted.

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